Mark, I'll get back to you on your question. It fits in with another part of this seminar that I have yet to upload. I'll be adding to this over the month. Nice to see another wood crafter here! There are plenty more on DHP, including some serious experts in this space.
Here follows another bit. Looking for all the medical professionals to comment on this and add to it.Bush Medicine & First Aid.
Rudyard Kipling has some pithy observations on traditional cures. So, lets start with a health warning! The point is to be informed. Two personal examples. I don't know nearly enough about mushroom foraging - so I simply don't dabble there. Likewise I'm not great on all umbillifers. Some are benign (and can be used for straws / pea-shooters), others are (very) dangerous. So, I am very cautious
EXCELLENT herbs had our fathers of old -
Excellent herbs to ease their pain -
Alexanders and Marigold,
Eyebright, Orris, and Elecampane -
Basil, Rocket, Valerian, Rue,
(Almost singing themselves they run)
Vervain, Dittany, Call-me-to-you-
Cowslip, Melitot, Rose of the Sun,
Anything green that grew out of the mould
Was an excellent herb to our fathers of old.
Wonderful tales had our fathers of old -
Wonderful tales of the herbs and the stars -
The Sun was Lord of the Marigold,
Basil and Rocket belonged to Mars.
Pat as a sum in division it goes -
(Every herb had a planet bespoke) -
Who but Venus should govern the Rose ?
Who but Jupiter own the Oak ?
Simply and gravely the facts are told
In the wonderful books of our fathers of old.
Wonderful little when all is said,
Wonderful little our fathers knew. Half their remedies cured you dead -
Most of their teaching was quite untrue -
"Look at the stars when a patient is ill
(Dirt has nothing to do with disease),
Bleed and blister as much as you will,
Blister and bleed him as oft as you please."
Whence enormous and manifold
Errors were made by our fathers of old.
Yet when the sickness was sore in the land,
And neither planets nor herbs assuaged
They took their lives in their lancet-hand
And, oh, what a wonderful war they waged !
Yes, when the crosses were chalked on the door -
(Yes when the terrible death-cart rolled!),
Excellent courage our fathers bore -
Excellent heart had our fathers of old.
None too learned but nobly bold
Into the fight went our fathers of old.
If it be certain, as Galen says -
And sage Hippocrates holds as much -
"That those afflicted by doubts and dismays
Are mightily helped by a dead man's touch,"
Then be good to us, stars above !
Then be good to us, herbs below !
We are afflicted by what we can prove,
We are distracted by what we know.
So - ah, so!
Down from your heaven or up from your mould,
Send us the hearts of our fathers of old !
Things can easily go wrong in the woods, especially when in remote places or when using tools. As with everything in this seminar, prevention is better than cure. Proper preparation for woodland activities goes a long way to preventing accidents, but on occasion they can happen. The best chance then is to respond appropriately and have the right equipment to hand. My working medical kit contains all the usual first aid paraphernalia but with two additional items. These are a roll of gaffer tape and a roll of cling film. Woodland first aid does not go in for the niceties of neat bandaging according to the manual. The combination of cling film and gaffer tape allows for the key tasks of stopping bleeding and preventing infection to be completed quickly and effectively.
Natural first aid measures are also to be found. Everyone has heard of dock weed as a cure for nettle slap. I think that’s a bit of a con job.
But something that IS particularly effective for all manner of bites, stings and grazes is the humble plantain plant. Application is simple, just chew up a couple of leaves and smear the macerated green stuff on the afflicted parts. Not pretty, but very effective. Yarrow is another part of your natural first aid kit. Great for stopping bleeding from minor wounds. Comfrey leaves make good blister plasters.
Bush / Wilderness medicine is beyond the scope of this seminar but is a very interesting subject. Maybe one of our Medical herbalists could address this some day. Here are a few resources:
Australian Bush medicine: http://www.bri.net.au/medicine.htmlhttp://www.australiangeographic.com.au/ ... icines.htm
African Bush Medicine
Many linked via a previous seminar: viewtopic.php?f=326&t=36777
American Bush medicine
Fantastic resource here: http://www.wildernesscollege.com/plants ... icine.htmlhttp://7song.com/files/Wilderness%20First%20Aid.pdfDathi’s All-purpose Gunk
Here follows my little special bushcraft concoction. I’ve made a big pot of this and carry a blob of it in my grab bag. Ingredients
A big pile of plantain leaves.
A big pile of meadowsweet flowers.Preparation
Bring a quantity of cooking oil to the boil, and take it off the heat.
Stuff plantain and meadowsweet into the pot and mash it all in the hot oil. Give a good long stir.
Strain the infused oil.
Mix the infused oil into the bee’s wax in another container over a gentle heat source.
Stir vigorously until the infused oil has fully blended with the wax.
Pour into small pots (I use cupcake moulds).
Allow to set.
And what can I do with this? Well, it’s good for all sorts of things. All-purpose salve for bites, stings and scratches. Waterproofing wax. Fire-starting accelerant / candle making. Waxing cord for craft-work. Cooking oil. Smells nice too!Hot & Cold
Just a quick word about hypo / hyperthermia. These are the biggest dangers in bushcrafting activities, especially with kids in wild places. Three things here are: awareness, hydration (hot or cold as appropriate) and layers. I continue to be amazed at encountering people up mountains who are woefully unprepared for rapid change in temperature. A space blanket, big rubbish bag or survival bag takes no space at all.Other Resources
Great guide here: http://www.adventuremedicalkits.com/doc ... erness.pdf
This list is encouraging: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_wi ... mergencies
I relate to the layout of military manuals (lots of pikkies, checklists and key points ;-) FM 4-25.11 http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/army/fm4_25x11.pdf
Even more here: http://www.fas.org/irp/doddir/milmed/index.html
This is a beaut of a book. Medicine in Ancient Erin. http://www.electricscotland.com/history ... lluoft.pdf
Have a look at the adverts at the back. Now, THIS is what I call a serious bushcraft medical kit!!!!