Dendrias wrote:...But I can tell You, that in the ancient Greek and Roman context, "dragon" is just a huge snake, sometimes with a cockscomb.
I agree the Classical greco-romans did not have a concept of a dragon that is common in later trans-Alpine and Insular Europe. The ultimate etymology for the word 'dragon' comes from the ancient Greek, δράκων (drakon) which meant serpent. And on some artifacts and coins these are shown as snakes with the occasional addition of horns.
I checked Corvins quotes, well, those of Jeremiah only, but this had an astonishing outcome: Half of the Jeremiah quotes translate (into German) not "dragon", but jackal! But it's only half of them, so I wonder why.
This is what bothers me about accepting anything from Biblical texts which have been translated and retranslated so many times, that what was originally meant is lost. I would be very surprised if there was an ancient Hebrew concept of our Western dragon.
I have found no really believable exegesis of the development of our modern concept of the Western dragon.
What do Your dragons look like?
When I say Western dragon, I think of something like the Welsh dragon or those in modern fantasy literature. Big, winged, 4 feet, long tail, a carnivore's head and reptilian body, horned or not and fire-breathing or not. The Western literary dragon.
Merlyn wrote: The Gryphon is another mythic form which appears in early Welsh lore and is represented in biblical ways. The Welsh dragon is often referred to as a gryphon.
Well the Welsh dragon is not a Gryphon (Griffin). The latter is a fantastic animal, winged with the head of an eagle and body of a lion. A Chimera is a fire-breathing fantasic animal with a lion's head and a goat's body and a serpent's tail. A Sphinx is a winged fantastic animal with a woman's head and breast on a lion's body. All of these are from Greek mythology. Now a wyvern I can see as being related to the Welsh dragon.
I suspect the Western dragon developed from a combinations of these coming to Britain via Roman legionary symbols. I also wonder if the Welsh dragon originated from the Arthurian/Myrddin mythos or vice versa.