katie bridgewater wrote:I take issue with his assumption that the brains of a gatherer-hunter ancestor, a medieval peasant and a 21st century human are 'wired differently'.
Good point! I think that only the framework of human existence has changed, but the basics are summa summarum still the same. I can now jet to another continent in 12 hours, but I still have to work, to eat, to sleep, I still get sick, old and will die and I still love and laugh and cry. There are 2,000 years old letters from Roman times where people complain about the tax load, sounding as they were written yesterday. Whenever we have the chance to really think ourselves into another epoch, we will notice that the way people thought and acted was very similar. Such experiences can be very touching. And these glimpses of the past can even teach us something very spiritual; that we are not the center of the universe, and that our age is not that enlightened and exalted as some people want to make us believe.
Second point, observations are made and consequences drawn often from a "modern" and "western" standpoint, even by advanced scholars and thinkers. This disregards the fact that the majority of the world's population today lives neither under "modern" nor "western" conditions. Global solutions need global perspectives. Where western perspectives will lead can be judged from the state of the western world: in politics, in the economy and also on the ethical, philosophical, or spiritual plane.