DaRC wrote:Penda would have worshipped the Germanic gods - particularly if he was an Angle.
Tiw is not a horned God, he was part of the Aesir (Norse Gods) and in later Norse mythology he is famous for giving his right arm to bind Fenris (the ravaging wolf that at Ragnarok will destroy the Odin / the world). Thus he is associated with law & order. He may well have started as a cthonic war god, possibly usurped later by Odin.
Sorry that was a clear as mud ! - I wasnt saying that Tiw is a horned God - I was referring to two seperate Gods. Firstly I was saying that Tiws name was found in Wawrickshire and is believed to be the origin of the name of the village Tysoe , interesting article on the Red horse of Tysoe which may be connected with the God here :http://www.hows.org.uk/personal/hillfig ... /tysoe.htm
and more info on Tiw here :http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tyr
It seems in many ways he is correlated with the war god mars (thus in Latin langauges like Spanish Tuesday is MARtes)
and in addition there may be some evidence of worship of some horned God though this speculative. This speculation is is based on the discovery of a strange ritual in Wasperton in Warwickshire :
" "There is evidence for British ritual activity associated with stags and demonstrated by archeology: most interesting is a deposit recently found at Wasperton (warks.) where face-down in a pit was placed a stone inscribed feliciter; on the upper surface below a layer of burnt material were placed two sets of unburnt antlers with bits of skull attached, arranged to form a square, in the centre of which a fire had been lit.""
The Gods of the Celts by Miranda Green, Sutton Publishing, 1986, 2004. Regarding stags and rituals, on page 173
This article tells more :http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1 ... 5/abstract
again both are mentioned here (respective page numbers of both given) : Hutton . R. The Pagan Religions of the Ancient British Isles: Their Nature and Legacy pg267, pg231
It would also be a mistake to think that that area would be Celtic or Germanic - it is likely to have seen many different phases of culture and peoples over the centuries. If you think that ancient megalithic people, brythonic and germanic people have all occupied the area at some point or another and they may have worshipped different Gods and had different customs at different times - its really up to you which period you wih to investigate. According to wikipedia the Tomsate didnt get there until after the Romans had left in about 500 ad .
Penda apparently claimed lineage from Woden :
Penda was Pybba's offspring, Pybba was Cryda's offspring, Cryda Cynewald's offspring, Cynewald Cnebba's offspring, Cnebba Icel's offspring, Icel Eomer's offspring, Eomer Angeltheow's offspring, Angeltheow Offa's offspring, Offa Wermund's offspring, Wermund Wihtlaeg's offspring, Wihtlaeg Woden's offspring..
^ a b c Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Manuscript A (ASC A), 626.2
so I guess would have worshipped your Anglo Saxon gods - but that doesnt mean there werent previous Celtic Gods being worshipped and from the look of it the Corieltauvi was a federation of tribes rather than one tribe formed of at leat two distinct groups. It is also likely some Gods were venerated in both Celtic and Anglo Saxon (and even Greco Roman) pantheons under different names .
Apollo feature on some Corieltauvi coins but were probably Roman : http://www.wildwinds.com/coins/celtic/b ... uvi/i.html
a horde of thousdands of these coins were dicovered recently so contacting the guy who found them or the museum might be a way to find out which Celtic Gods are printed on the coins and thus which were worshipped :http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hallaton_Treasure
Let us know if you find out anything !